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ԡѵʵҴ -٪ "ͧͧҾ" 
  



ž鹰ҹ ҷ
: ͡Ҿ ͨҹ ѧѴ ȡ٪ ʹµҴ ٧ èҡдѺӷŻҹҧ ҧҡͧ ѧѴ
ԡѴʵ (Datum: WGS84) : ͧ Ի . Ի˹
ͧ Ի . Իҵѹ͡
: ҳ -,
ҡáҧ : ҳطѡҪ - (Ѫ¾ѹ ֧ѹ )
ͺͧ :
.. - ʶҹѡԷռҢͧ
.. - ١ҧ
.. - ١ǹ˹觢ͧԹ⴨չͧ
.. - ǹ˹觢ͧԹᴹ׹ҡ
.. - ǹ˹觢ͧԹᴹ¤׹
.. - 觡ѧ令ͺͧ
.. -Ѩغѹ ٪ҤͺͧӾԾҡҢͧš

ҳʶҹ ҳѵغҾ÷ѡҳѹɰҹͧѺǻҷ

Ҿѡ˹Ҽᴧ : Ҿѡٹٻ෾ʵ㹷ҹ§ѹ ͧ ǹѧѡ
ʶٻ : ʶٻ ͧ ҧԹ ѡɳ١ȡ٧ . ǹʹҧçè觢ͧ ͧ¡ "иҵ" ҴͧСͺ˹觢ͧҷ
е :

йӢҴ˭ ҴʶҹºҺ (纹¸ ѡҧҷԹ)dz§ѧͧ¡õѴԹ͹ҧҷ


駹 ѧҳʶҹաӹǹ˹觫觾ࢵͨҹ ѧѴ ȡ٪
鹷ҧǻҷ
˹ : ǧŢ ҡ͡ѹѡ ѧѴ
ҡҷҧѹ䴴ҹ˹Ҩҡطҹ觪ҵҾ
ȵѹ͡ : ͧѹѡ ˹ҼҢ鹨ҡͨҹ ѧѴ ȡ٪
ȵѹ§˹ :

ҡҹ ͨҹ ѧѴ ȡ٪


͹ѵʵ 'ѡ---ѧ' óջҷ

¾Ҫѹ Ҿʶҹ繾鹷ѡԷ
ѹ ʶһ "Ԣ"
稾ҸԺշ (ͧ) ʶһҡاظ
ͧѾظҵաاȸû (ͧй) ᵡ
٪ǹ͡ҳҹԤͧ
Ժͧ䷢ͧ繢ͧ
˵ءó .. дԹᴹ觫⢧ ½ִѹ (ѹ) 繻Сѹ
͡ýк ǧþԷʧ "鹾" ҷ ѡµҴ "þԷ '"
к ӻѡ šѹáѺ׹ ·ʹѭ
.. 觼աõ駤Сü-ͻѡѹࢵᴹҧѹ
ʹѭ .. ѺҰ екͧ šѺѹôҹ ¡ԡԷҾ͡ҳࢵͧ㹺ѧѺ
ҴçҪҹҾʴ͹ҷ
Ȩԡ¹ ʧԹ⴨չҧ-
鹻 ¡Ѻʷ "͹ѭⵡ" صʧ 觼Ұ екͧ ֧ҷ Ѻҳࢵ ͹ͧѾ蹨¡Ţ鹺ǧ» µͧʧš駷 㹰ҹоѹԵí ͭʧ µͧ׹ѧѴҷѺ׹ʵ
觷â价ҷè֧ ҧաûзǧҡ
Ҿѹ ٪Ѻ͡Ҫҡ
Ū٪ͧҷ աԹǹ˹ʶҹ͡ѤҪٵ㹡٪ »СʶҹóءԹ ѧѴᴹԴѺ٪ ͹ѹҤ ٪һСȵѴѹҧ÷ٵѺ
Ҥ ٪蹿ͧµصԸҧ (š)
Զع¹ šѴԹһҷӹҨ͸Ի¢ͧ٪ Ѱ»ԺѵԵӾԾҡҴ¡͡ԤѰǴ˹ͺҷж͹͡
-٪ʶһҤѹҧ÷ٵաѧشЧѡ
٪ԴҾѡͧǢ仪ҡ
ԴҾ ͧҡധִӹҨ Դʧҧͧ㹡٪
ԴҾѧäЪҪ٪ (CPP) ͧعૹС͡ ҧ ѧѴҧе硺оҹͤǺ鹷ҧͧ͡ѡͧ
ԴҾ ͧҡͧѧᴧִͧ鹷Ҿ зӡõѺýعૹ
áҤ ѭҡáͧѧùèҡѺѭҡ÷âͧäЪҪ٪ҷҾ ŧҨзͧԴشҹᴹǤҾ ѡͧҪҷ ԧҤ繵 Դ٪áҾ Ңҹ˹Һѹ䴷ҧ鹻ҷ Ǵ˹ .
С٪ŧ㹺ѹ֡Ҵ¡ǨШѴѡࢵᴹҧ-٪ ¤СҸԡûѡѹࢵᴹ (Joint Boundary Committee-JBC)
- Ҥ ͧѧùդԴشҹᴹҾ ͧҡ٪ѭҹ·ҽ 繻ѭ»
- áҤ ¡Ѻ٪ҵŧѡѲҾʶҹͧ
- Ҥ Ъ . ҧ-٪ҷ . º Ե "
;ѲҾ" ԴҾ觷ͧա
ԴشҹᴹǤҾѡͧǢ鹪ҷա

  • Ҥ зǧõҧ»зǧ٪ҡóյ駪dzҧ鹻ҷҧҤ÷ӡ˹§ҹͧ蹺鹷Ѻ͹ ͹ѹ¹ зǧóաõѴҡҹ ѧѴ Ҩ֧ǻҷ
  • չҤ ٪͡â͢鹷¹ҷôš
    ҧ繷ҧ

  • Ҥ ٹôšͧ⡷ʢ٪͡ǹǡѺࢵѹͧҷ դй͡Ѻ
  • ¹ ٪͡ "Ҫɮաҡ˹ͺࢵ㹡͹ѡҷ" Ἱ˹ͺࢵԹ㹾鹷Ѻ͹

٪͡â͢鹷¹ҷա з蹺ѹ֡¨ӵ͡ѤҪٵ٪ʹ͢鹷¹ (Transboundary property) 褳Сôšҡ͹â鹷¹ҷ͡ ¡Ѻ٪͡ѹҧԴ

  • Ҥ ¹ ѷ . зǧõҧ ŧҧŧó-٪ Ѻʡ ҹ ͧ¡Ѱա٪ ѧͨػҡ٪ҨТ鹷¹੾еǻҷ ἹѧdzТ鹷¹¨ʹѺʹع
  • Զع¹ ¹ ѷ ŧŧó-٪ (Joint Communique)
  • Զع¹ ٪һԴشҹᴹǤҾǧ˹ ˵ؼ ͺ任зǧdzҧ鹽«Ҩѹµͪǡ٪
  • Զع¹ Żͧҧդ觤ͧǤŧó-٪ Ҥըж֧ش Ũդҧ ѹ áҤ Ѱ٭ԹԨŧó-٪ѡɳ˹ѧѭҷͧҹ繪ͺҡѰҡ͹
  • áҤ Сôšҡ 鹷¹ҷôš
  • áҤ Դ֧´dzҾ С٪ѧظ˹ѡҵ֧鹷
  • áҤ Ѱ觹൪ عҤ . зǧõҧȤ èҡѺ Χ ͧ¡Ѱա٪ º СóվԾҷѧç訹Ѩغѹ


ԡѵʵҴ -٪ "ͧͧҾ" ӹҹѧ麷ػ

ͧ : ਹ þķ

"
¤ṹ§ҵ ŧ ҷõҳࢵ͸Ի¢ͧ٪ ˵ع ֧Ծҡ ¤ṹ§ҵһվѹзеͧ͹ѧ͵Ǩ ѡͼū觻任Шҷ㹺dz§ҳࢵͧ٪. ¤ṹ§紵 һվѹзеͧ׹٪ ôѵتԴк㹤ŧػҢͧ٪ҫ˹ҷҨ¡͡仨ҡҷͺdz ѺѹҤͺͧ .. (.. )"

ǹ˹觢ͧӾԾҡҢͧš ջҷ (ҧȡ٪ҡѺ) Զع¹

ҧ͹Զع¹ طѡҪ

. . ׹ԧѹ䴷ҧ鹻ҷ

ҷֹͧѹԹ觻¡͡բͧ˹ҷѺ͡Ѻ Ѵ֧ӹҹ "ä" ǺҹᶺҾҢҹѹ 繷ʶԵͧ෾觢ع ʶҹѵ¾ͧͧҪóҡҶ෾ ѧͧҪҳҨѡԹ鹺ѹ䴻ҷê ֡ʧʶҹ觹ͧͷ躹ҾǴȨشѰʵʵ ա͹ ˵觢;Ծҷҧ¡Ѻ٪

ʤѧâͧʶҹ׹躹ʹµҴ ͧѧ "" (õ-蹴ԹͧҾ硷ŴдѺŧ繷Һҧ˭ ǹ˹ͧ͢繷Һ٧Ҥҹͧ ¡Ҷ "" ٧) ѹҧ ǡѺŧҴ¤Ժ
֡ա յ ͡ʡѺ͹ա з§ش׹ Ǵ˹þҹҧҹԹ͹֧ 駢ͧеоҹҧ鹻ҷ

ش׹ҧʶҹó֧´ͧ˹ҷþҹŪᴹ ͧҡҹ˹觡٪һԴеٷҧ͡ зաҹͧѺͺԹҧһзǧѺǡ٪ҫҵҹ㹾鹷С٪ҧ繴Թᴹͧ ѧѺ§Ԩóͧѡͧ¨ӹǹҡ蹴¤ ٪Ҩ֧鹷¹ҷ觹ôš 駷ࢵᴹdzѧѡѹº Ӥѭǡ¤֡ һҷѧ繢ͧ

طѡҪ ѵʵҴŷ赡紡 ɶ١Դա "ҷ" Ѻâ鹷¹ôšôš ҨŤҧѭش"ѵԢͧªҵ"

ҷ "" ҧͺ٪Ҿ ֡鹾 Ҿ "鹷ѡԷ" ¾Ҫѹ зդӤѭ;ѹ ʶһ "Ԣ" ҡ鹻ҷٻҧ¾ѹ ҧҷԹؤͶ෾ػʹ (Ҿ : ʡ ѹ)

ҷèҡ٧ ͧҡ˹͹价ҧ繪Ѵਹ֧ⴴ蹢ͧѧҷẺ "Ҩشٹҧ" ҡѹҤ仨֧ʹҫ觾仺ͧ˹ʹԹᴹõ 繴ȷзѺͧ (Ҿ : ʡ ѹ, ѹԷ سѵǪ)

--

"áҧʹʶҹ ͤͷҹѹ٧شʴ֧ѡѡյ;м"

ʵҨŻ
ԴԪŻͧ


"Ԣ"
֡¹ѡâҳ ѹʡĵ ѡ鹾㹺dzʶҹ觹¹蹹
ӹԴҡʡѹͧ "Ԣ" () "" (෾ͧ˹ʹԹ) ѧ鹷觹֧繷ʶԵͧ觢عѹ¶֧ ѷǹԡ·Ѻ; (;) ෾٧شѧ͡ա áҧʶҹ觹Ҩ͹Դا⢷ 觶׺͹Ѻ仨оҵçѺ¾ѹ (.. -)

駹 ֡鹾 ҷ ѡ ֡ѡ ֡Ţ K 380 K 381 ѧҷҺ ҧ觹ٻҧ¾Ҫѹ (.. -) 㹰ҹо鹷ѡԷ "" çͺҾͧͧԹᴹᶺҾë㹵С "йҧ٪ѡ" բͧͧ ٻҧ¾ѹ ʶһԢ㹻 .. 繨شԴͧ "Ԣ" ѧ¡ "ҷ" ٪¡ " "

ѹդӤѭͧ仨֧Ѫžѹ 觹ѭѡɳͧѷҪ ¨֡Ҿͧ "ҡúѳԵ" 줹ӤѭҺǧǧзء Ӥѭͧ觹ѧͺѵطѺʶҹµ ժ㹨֡ ɵ й÷й 繵 ҹͺҾʶҹٹҧѷ ѧ¹ӷŧҨҡʹ觹ӵҧ ѡԪҡúҧҪͺ ¹ӷżҹ鹷ѡԷ ҡä鹾ҹ֧ѡ躹ҹԹ¹ӷżҹҹ˹ʶҹҧ˹

"ʶһԡͧʹʶҹѹ§ҧ ͻҷùҧἹѧ¤Ҵҧ ҷ觹º͹ä ǢзѺͧм ѧ ʶһԡ͡ʨҡ鹷§ҵҧҷáҧͧդ觢"˹ ʵҨŻ Ƕ֧ҷ蹹 ѹԹԧ ҾԨóҷ駫觹ªҧªҡԻ觤ʧҢͧǻҷҧȨ

¡ҧѧẺ "Ҩشٹҧ" ҧҧѡҡԧҴҹ˹ ҧѹеҤӤѭҧ 仨֧ҧиҹѹٹҧʶҹʹ ˹ҡáǻҷ繴觡зѺͧ ʹ ᷹ "ʹµҴ" ٧ èҡдѺӷŻҹҧ

ʹµҴ Ҵ٨ҡҾ´оǹ˹觢ͧҾ (ҹ) ʹǨҡѹѹ͡ 鹷Һ٧ҤҹѺҺõ͡ҡѹ ͧҡµҢͧ 繻ҷ繴觷Ծҹǧä ʹҹآͧ˹дѺ͡ 蹴Թõӷ͡ҧŻ˹طͧѺͧҧ

ѹ͹Զع¹ طѡҪ
ҧҼҹе硢 觷С٪ҷŪᴹǺͧ͡ѡͧ 觵ҧ ǡҡ鹵ç˹
ҡç ҧ鹻ҷѹԹ 价ҧ ѺѹԹ 鹢Ҵ ѹйӢҹҤҪ⤻ (е) 鹷

Ͷ֧⤻Ъ鹷 оҤ÷ "" ͻҷѺ⤻ ѡɳҤ˭ ѧ ѡҳ ѧҹҨاͧ ֧ؾѧ仵 Ȩҡͧŧ㹻Ѩغѹ㹪鹷 繪Ӥѭش һҷѹСͺ⤻ § ó (ҧиҹ)

ʵҨŻѧ ⤻йҨҤѺǧحҸԵط ͹зѺͧ෾ ͡ҡ˹ҷ繫еǡѺ⤻ѲԹ 駹⤻зءѧҡҾѡdz˹ҺѹзѺѧդӤѭӹǹҡ ҷ ˹Һѹҹͧ⤻Ъ鹷 Ҿѡ "ǹط" ѡ鹵ͧ "ǵ" 㹤³ Ƕ֧˵ءóͤ駾й³ǵ () ͧѺѹзѧзؼ׹蹴Թŧ ҡ÷١᡹ǹطĵͧ෾

ҾѡӤѭشҨ "ǹүҪ" ˹Һѹ ʴӢͧѡšöҹ¹ŧҧʹ 觵͡ ҡçӴ¨ѧͧ šʧآ 繨ѧ͹çǴ šж֧ᵡѺ ҧá աõդҾѡա˹ҨҾѡ "ѧõ" ˵ءóͤ駾зçѧٻҧ Ƿç˹ѧҧó͹

ѹ͹ҷ Ҿѡ˹ҺѹзѺѧ⤻зҾ͹ҧó ҧиҹѧ¡Ҥآ˹ҹ鹾ѧŧ ѧҴúó» ͹ҹҡѡҹ辺ҳҢҴúóеҳҨѡâŧ ੾ѧѪžѹ 繵 ֧ؤѡôԢ㹾طȵɷ - 觢йԴҳҨѡâͧ⢷СاظҢ鹷ҧȵѹ 㹷ش .. 稾кҪҸҪ () 觡اظ 觡ͧѾͧй͡اȸûШᵡ ҴҪѳԵ зѾԹѺҪӹѡظ ѹ繷ҢͧԷԾ "Ҫ" ͷ׺͡ѹҨ֧ءѹ㹤֡ͧ¨ӹǹҡյʶҺѹѵ

㹢ǡѹռʹ ѹҨж١ŧ¤ؤѧ 㹡٪ؤѧҪѹ ա÷ʹѴŧʶҹ仵黡ͧͧ¤ , ռҹ ѹѡ֧˵ؼŢͧҧҷ Ҩ͸Ժ§ ¤ "ѷ"

ѷФͷҹѹ٧شʴѡѡյ;м ѡѹ骹ǢӧҹҺ˧͵ҧ ѴԹ Թ ѡҡѧʹҧһҷѹʹȨ繺óҡ෾кҡö繨ԹҾҹѹ֡ͧʵҨŻ ͤǷҹԹҧ͹ҷ

"...ԹС͹͵駢 еҡٻѡ͵ʹʶҹҹ 繡áзѹ٧شҧʹ ФҨСзӶм ءзء㹾м 繴ѧ ءҹФ˹͹Դ ´ǧѹʧ դ֡ҧԵʹѺʹعҧѵ зء㹤آʧդ㹪Եͧ˹ѹ仴¤آҧѡش"

Ἱ "蹴" Ἱ Ѻʴ鹾ᴹҧѺԹ⴨չ Ӣ½ͻ Ἱ詺Ѻ 鹾ᴹdzҾ仵ѹѹӫ觵ҡԴҷ١ҧѹ-٪

ѧóվԾҷԹᴹԹ⴨չʧŧ¡÷Ѻʷʹѭ .. ҴçҪҹҾʴ͹Ҿͻ ҾТͧͧ좳ŧҡҷ÷չѹվѺҪǤҸҵԽʵ (Ҿ : شçҪҹҾ)

稡ҴçҪҹҾçʹҡѺǧʺʹµҴ (Ҿ : شçҪҹҾ)

--

"Դѧ ӻ Ѻ ѧ͹ѡҳսʤѺʴdzѹ䴢鹾 Դѧ觵 ʴҤǹ໹ҧҪ ໹Ǵ٢ͧҳҹ鹢Դѧ͢ʺԴ ѧ ໹ʴ稷ʹ๵ õ..."

عԺźѳ
˵ءʴ稵Ǩҳѵʶҹ ŹҪ ͧ ҴçҪҹҾ ..

ѵйªҧҧҷԴ ҷ觹觼šзͤѹҧ С٪ա»յ

"ؤҧҷ觷¡ࢵᴹͻ ҧʶҹͧѵҧԷ˹ʹԹᴹ 繡ػʹҹѹѺͧ кǹ 'Թ૪ѹ'(Hidu-nization-餹ѺʹԹ) ҴʹҾͧͤͧ෾Թ ѧҡҾҺdzҾѡɳͧҹ 觨ԡͧѡõ ժ ռ餹һзѧѹѹա"

Ҩѡ ѡҳ׹ѹ ùͧʹյҧԷ˹ͻҷ㹻Ѩغѹ鹷 ѧ͸Ժµ Ҿо鹷ͺ¡͹ʶҹ繾鹷ѡԷ 繨شѲҡ˹ͷҾ
µǷ١ҳ "ࢵᴹ" "Ѱҵ" Ѻ "Ѱҵԡ٪" ͡ҡѹ͹Ѩغѹ
੾ҹ ѰҵѰҵԡ٪ҵҧѧԴҧ

ѭ鹢鹾ҳҹԤҤͧӹҨѹ ੾˵ءóռŵͤѹ-٪ҡóջҷ㹻Ѩغѹ ׺ͧ»Ѫŷ 繵 ʶҹó캹蹴Թ˭Ҥ좳й ѧִҳҨѡõ зʡѧִ´ 觼ҳࢵͧͧӹҨѹһЪԴᴹ駴ҹѹеѹ͡ ¹ӹѡѵʵҵԹ "´Թᴹ" ʵͧ Ѻ 稹ô ѵ٪ ʹѭѰѡҢͧ (The Protectorate Treaty) ѹ ԧҤ ԺͧǾѹҷˡ (Ѩغѹ;鹷͹˹ͧ͢ǵԴѺ´)

´Թᴹ觫⢧ (Ѩغѹͻ) ҡ˵ءó .. ͽú ͧʵͧ Ϳ࿵ ҷ 㹪ǧӤѹ áҤ ú ͧ-ʵͧ ءǻͧѹҾҷʹ˹ʶҹٵʽ觵çкҪѧ ʴҷդءҧѴਹ 駹ִѹ (ѹ) 繻Сѹ

к (Ѩغѹͧк ʻ. ) ǧӻѡ (Ѩغѹǧӻѡҧ͹شͧ ʻ. ) (ࢵ٪ҵԴѺҤͧ) šѺѹáѺ׹ · "˹ѧѭҧاѺا" ͷ¡ "ʹѭ .. " ( Ҿѹ .. ) 觤駹աõ駤Сü-ʷӡûѡѹࢵᴹҧѺԹ⴨չִͧѡ "ѹѹ"㹻 Ұ екͧ šѺҹ () еҴִ ¡ԡԷҾ͡ҳࢵͧ㹺ѧѺʴ · "˹ѧѭҧ稾蹴ԹѺഹջѺԡ" "ʹѭ .. " ( չҤ .. ) е駤Сüͻѡѹࢵᴹش

㹪ǧͧ Ἱѡѹ㹹Ἱ "ǡ " ҵǹ :, ҧ աâմࢵᴹdzҾ仵ѹѹ ͹һҷࢵ٪ ѺèѴ鹷 شἹСͺἹʴǾᴹ "蹴" ἹʴࢵᴹdzҾ ѧҡաѧʹѭ .. óվԾҷҧѺʡʧŧ 觶ͧѵʵҵԹҨػ "´Թᴹ" ʷ , ҧ (ͺҾ鹷ȻѨغѹ , ҧ)

դ͸Ժաش˹觷ᵡҧ͡. . çѡ ྪ͹ѹ ˹ҤԪѧʵ Է¹ѵѧ ԷѧԵ ա͹§ҹ֡дѺԭͧ "¡ͧԹᴹ .. " վ شѧʵ ͻ Ѻͧҧ͡

"¢ͧҳҹԤ ҹ˹㹰ҹТͧкǹҧ '' ѺçѹҡӹҨ աҹʴ繡ûѺ㹰ҹʹյҵӹҨ˹ʹԹᴹҤ ੾ҧ觵͡٪...§дԹͻͧѡԷԢͧ ԸաҧԷԸкóҡẺ СҧԷԵẺҧšѹٻͧʹѭ ѧ֧ʶҹТͧ 'õ觪ԧԹᴹѺ' 蹡ѹ"šõ鹨֧Ҩͧա "Թᴹ" "´Թᴹ"ǧѧҡժЪǵҧԹҧ͹Ҿ ֧աӹҨͧͧ㹡Ԩõҧ Ҿ鹷ࢵ 鹻 稾Һǧ ҴçҪҹҾ зçç˹觹¡ҪѳԵ ʴ价ʹ๵ûҷ

駹 عԺźѳ (ǹ Թǧ) ѳѡШӾԾԸѳʶҹ觪ҵԾй(ǧԺźѳ) Դǹʴ ѹ֡ ˵ءʴ稵Ǩҳѵʶҹ ŹҪ Թҧ駹仴´ СǶ֧˵ءóռҧ觵͡Է˹ͻҷҧ¡Ѻ٪ѧ Դҵѹ Ҥ
"Դѧ ӻ Ѻ ѧ ѡҳսʤѺʴdzѹ䴢鹾 Դѧ觵 ʴҤǹ໹ҧҪ ໹Ǵ٢ͧҳҹ鹢Դѧ͢ʺԴ ѧ ໹ʴ稷ʹ๵ õ..."

˵ µ ͹ʴ稡Ѻ ;ͧҶ֧ԧѹ䴻ҷ ԴѧӻѺ»ѧԭзѺ ѡǤ عþ㨤ǡѺԵҾҧ- 㹤Ƿ觷仪úʧš駷 Դ´¡ԭǹ¾ "¾о觡اçԭ" "ͤԭ觻ȽŻ"

ѧʴ稤駹١٪Ժ¡㹪 ª˵ءóѺӹҨ͸Ի˹ʹԹᴹͧ٪ еѧժشͧ͸Ժ 繽º蹹ͧҡͧͧἹ ա駽ҧͧǡѺҳᶺ 觹繻Ѩ˹㹡ҧԷ˹ʹԹᴹ 駡óἹ輹ǡ Ѵҹ СͺѺʴ͹㹤駹 ѧͧ繡ôԹº·ԴҴѧ餴š ͼ¹ . ҭԷ ɵ ǪҭѵʵҤ Ѻ͸Ժա˹ " ҷҾӤѭ...¡ͧ鹫觵çѺѪŷ աҴç '. ' 'ѵҧ' ǻҷ١ҧ㹻 ˹ҧ仡ʹáѹ ʹ㨡§ѡҳ͢Ҫý褹 ЪҪ¡鹪ǺҹᶺѡҷҾ"

ѧ鹨֧šա÷ѡǧ駹 ҨҭԷѧ ѰѪŷ Ѻࢵᴹ й " 'źѡ͡Ҫ͸Ի¢ͧѪŷ СҴç' '¤' áҧѡԪҡ͹ѡɹ/ҵԹҧҹ Сͧҧ ¹ͧἹ Ѫŷ çͧҵ鹻 ·çҧѧ ͹ι Һ (鹵Сǵ) 繷֡ ա÷Ӽѧͧا෾ ἹҧŢѧͧекͧ ѧաèҧǪҭҧ Ҹ (繾ҤǴ ҡǷҧзἹ) ἹҪҳࢵջѭҡѺҳҹԤա

"ѧ ѡͧͧ 'ѹԧӹҨ' ͧҳҹԤ觡Ѻͧ '÷ٵͻ׹' ͧ ˹㹻·ʺеҡ͹Ѻ͹ҹͧ"

зǧ .Ժʧ ⺡ѺôҹԵйѡ¹ش觨ŧóԷ ԹǹʹѺʹعѰ¡ͧԹᴹ׹ҡ ѹ Ҥ

ԭҵ¢ʹҤѺҧ͡ Ҿպ "ѡԸշ ѧѴекͧ .."

ҧʧԹ⴨չ "ͧѾ·ӡúйִ蹢֡ҹҧҤҹ зӾԸժѡҵ" (Ҿҡ˹ѧ ûѡѹࢵᴹҧ¡ѺԹ⴨չ ʹҡ)

--

"...ҹ Թ ԹԹͧǡسԹԨ Դ
ҹʡѧش˹ѡ ѹءҧ˹ѡ ÷Ҩ仫ѧ · ¡ͧԹᴹ׹нʡѧ ;ٴǧ˹ Թᴹ׹ҨеͧѺ׹ 㹪ԵͧҨ (áѺ׹) 㹪Եͧǡسеͧҧ͹"

մ §
ǵ͹ѡ֡ . ǡѺԹǹ¡ͧԹᴹ ѹ Ҥ
ҷ÷躹µҴա繻繤á㹰ҹо鹷ͧͧԹᴹ¡ͧ׹ҡͻ

йʧš駷 Դû úнʵѹ Զع¹ ѧҡ鹽ѰԪ (ִͧͧ) ¡ͧŧѵҺѹ "ʹѭءҹѹСѹ" Ӣҧ-- ѹ Զع¹ ԴźѧѺҡ稨ԧҧѵʵ ᴹ´ҹԹ⴨չ (֧ҡࢵᴹԴѡѹѹӺʹµҴ) ٻҧ鹡ͧҡԷԾŢͧӹҨ ѧ鹡ͧ«觢Һûѧ¹ŧûͧ ѰŤɮ ֧͡ʷСõȢͧҵԡѺ׹

. Ժʧ ¡Ѱ ͺҨѵҺѹ բ Сä ͻѺاᴹҹԹ⴨չ仵ѡҡ кШӻѡ׹ ж⢧繾ᴹҧ شҡա͹͸ԻԹ⴨չͧ С٪ҵ繢ͧ

͹ ʻʸҧԧ ѧҡ͡ûѵʵªкصçѹҵʹ͹Ҥ Ѱ»ءҡʡ¡ͧԹᴹ׹ҹŪᢹ ЪҪǻ ੾йԵ йѡ֡ . ҧ͡Թǹ¡ͧԹᴹ׹ҧ֡ѡҧŻҡѧ鹷¹ҷҾ "ҳʶҹ觪ҵ" ͻ ѰʶҹóҹʹѺʹعôԹº ҡعþѹ Ҥ ͧ . Ժʧ ҹԷءШ§觶ͷԷԾŷشؤ

"Ѻ繾ͧͧФʹѺʹع͡ѹҡŪ·ء ء ءȷء ҡѤþժԵͪҵ ҡзѾԹ ҡԹǹ ͧҹ...ѧդ㹻ѵԡó쾧Ǵâͧҵ¨վͧҵԷй͡ 㨡ѹᴧѤʹѺʹعѰ͹駹"׺鹡Ѻ仼羺 㹤Ѱؤ ѧռͧԸմԹºµҧҡ . ҧԧ 蹤¡ͧԹᴹҹкǹ÷ҧҧ

Ըչʹ մ § Ѱҡáзǧäѧй ¶֧ҹ˭ԧ´ Ժʧ մ¹ѧ·Ȩչ Ƕ֧ʶҹóҧʹ "֧龺ҹ .ԺʧѧǹҺ ʴȹТͧ繡÷Ѱ¨йͧصԸҧš¹ ԹԨҴԹᴹ仨ҡµ .. 繵 ͧ׹繢ͧ"

Ҫ Ըչ ¨շҧҡҷʧ - ¡Ѱջʸ
㹷شʧԹ⴨չԴҡѹ Ȩԡ¹ СúԹҧͧ ͧѾִԹᴹ繢;Ծҷ ͧѾҡըشطʵ㹡٪ ҷ ʹԹѴ ͧ ǹͧѾ úǧ "طշЪҧ" ѺҴǹ ͵ ࡵ е繽ҧ˹ѡ
͹Ҥ 蹡繵ǡҧ㹡è 觼Դ "͹ѭⵡ" ҧ-ѹ Ҥ к ӻѡ Ұ оекͧ׹ ¹ҹҧ èӻѡ Ժʧ (екͧ) ӴѺ ͹ѭѧкͧ֡⢧鹾ᴹҧ 觼ա СѺ׹

͹ѹҤ ͧɳҡçҹͧѰ٭վ˹ѧ ͧԹᴹ׹ Ҿҷ Ӻ "ҷԹҾ ׹ҤǻѺاࢵᴹҹԹ⴨չзҧáѧѴúóʧҧѺҳʶҹӤѭ"ͧáǶ֧ ҷѰŽʾѴ蹢ͧ¾ ᤹Ҵ ŧѹ "Ѻͧ͵ŧ ѰԪǡѺͧԹᴹ ѧѴ"

մ ͷҺͧ "֧͹ҹ . ԺʧҵͧԨóҷҷբͧѺѹԵâͧ¹ҡ ѹԵ㹢й繽ªʧ ͵ŧѰ·ѺѰԪշ繼ӻСѹ鹡еͧ١¡ԡ нʡԹᴹѺ׹ ѧᨧҶԸյʹ㹤á ͹ͧصԸҧ...ҪФ շҧ 繡õѴԹ١ѹȽʷ ҧѺ͵ŧѺѰԪ ¹¾ѺѹԵѺͧ...ҭ繽ʧ...ŷеҡͻ¨§ͧ׹Թᴹ ѧѴҹ Թᴹͧҷеͧ¹ҹҧ ͧԵ"

ˡԺ紻ѧ ѹ֡ͧ ШǺ ǵ ʹյѡ¹ç¹ԭԷԪҸʵСͧ (....) 蹷 觼ҹ˵ءóԹǹ¡ͧԹᴹ׹ͻ վ ʵ "...鹨ҡ÷չԵŧóԷ觵᷹Ҿѡ֡ ... ѡǹԹǹ¡ͧԹᴹ ͹ǢͧԵҴѧǹ 繼Ҩҡüѡѹͧ"

ѧҡ͹˹ҹ鹷 . "֡͡ѹ йչѡ¹ç¹ҧ ç¹Թǹ¡ͧԹᴹѹ ҨҡԹ ҨԹǹ¨д ¾Ԩó稨ԧѰŨҨԧ"ѹ֡ѧǶ֧ "¼" ȹ Ũѹ ѡ֡ . ѴҹԹǹҧ秢ѹ ͹¤ ѹ觢 ͹Ե Թǹǧ ѡ֡ . ѴԹԹǹ㹪ǧ·ѹ "˵ءóҧҧ" 觻ШǺ "Ӥѭդҧ觵ʶҹó㹢й" Դ鹷 . 觶ѹ֡ "ѹ֡Թǹͧѡ֡Ҹʵó" ˵ءó鹤

"ҹʹ (. մ §) ҡǵ˹ҹѡ֡ǡѺԹǹ¡ͧԹᴹ ͹˹㨤 '...ҹ Թ ԹԹͧǡسԹԨ Դ ҹʡѧش˹ѡ ѹءҧ˹ѡ ÷Ҩ仫ѧ · ¡ͧԹᴹ׹нʡѧ ;ٴǧ˹ Թᴹ׹ҨеͧѺ׹ 㹪ԵͧҨ (áѺ׹) 㹪Եͧǡسеͧҧ͹' "

㹷شͭʧ ͡ҡµͧʶҹ "ʧ" "кҪͧѹҾ" ԧҤ ͧ մ § Ҫ᷹ͧ˹ ѧͧ׹Թᴹʫ觡ѺҤԹ⴨չա駵 "ŧЧѺóŧѹ Ȩԡ¹ .. " ԴҧѺҪԡͧ˻ЪҪҵ ١ ˹Ҫԡâͧդ蹤˻ЪҪҵ "" ¶¹ "ءҹ" "ʧ" (äѴҹ㹤դ蹤§§ ռЪö͡)

ᴹ¡ѺԹ⴨չͧʨ֧ѺʶҹС͹ʧš駷 ¶֧ʶҹТͧҷú鹾ᴹѺࢵ٪ҧá 㹷ҧԺѵѰѧʧš駷 ׹ҷ ੾н·÷ҹͨشطʵ 㹻 ա觡ͧâ仺Ҿա ǹ ͡ѺԹ⴨չͧ༪ԭʧҵ´ (ΨԹ) (ؾҹǧ й͹ ҹ) С٪(¹ô˹)ҧ鹻ҡ˹ѧͷѡǧҡѰŽʷ Ѻ Ѱ¡ͺѺҧ

Ҹҵµ駵˧ҹʹµҴͤѧҧӹҨ͸Ի˹ͻҷҧ -

áҤ ѧӾԾҡš о ʶ .Ҵ (׹ش) ǨdzᴹԭҸҵ¨ҡʹµҴҷ աԭҵŧҡʹ ǹҵᴧ

Թǹзǧ٪ФӾԾҡš㹻ͻ (Ҿҡ˹ѧ ͧͧҾ)

Ἱ "ǡ " ٪š

Ἱ "͸Ի˹ͻҷ" ͧµԤѰ

--

"...ҡ٪Ҩҷù 礧ҡѡѡѧ蹴Թ੾зͧѺùҹ ԭҳͧҷäѧѺµʹ ЪҪ¨֡һҷâͧ¶١仴ػŢͧѡõѡͺ...ͧ·ѡ ѹ˹觢ҧ˹ ҨеͧһҷáѺ׹繢ͧҵ騧"

ӻ¢ͧ ɴ Ѫ
áҤ

ҷáѺ繻͹ա駪ǧ鹻 §ǹóբͧ¹ҡ繡٪ (Ѻ͡Ҫѹ Ҿѹ )

ͧ͹¹ ͧ͡ѤҪٵ٪һШӡا͹͹ ¹ŧԵ ٪ѹ (Le Combodge d'au jour d' hui) ǹ˹к "ҧԷ˹ù¡ѧִҾ-ѹ繡áзẺԵ" Ъҡ÷ҧӹҨպѧѺͧʹѭ㹻 .. ö "֧֡һŧʹѭһ ж١ѧѺ ¤¨ʶһҺҡ觤㨴յ͡ѹҧ¡Ѻʵҧҡ ׹Թᴹҡ٪Ըաéͩ"

¶֧ з·ѭҡѺʹԹҧ "صԡóվԾҷ" дԹᴹҡ¡繴Թᴹ٪Էͺͧªͺ ѧ¹ "Ш ٪ҹѺԺѵԵʹѭҷǷ ʹѭҹʹѭҷӢҧʡѺ...¤ͧͧ͢Ѿ екͧѺ׹繢ͧ٪ҹ СͧѾѹԵժҹ ¢͵ŧͪԧѹ .. 觻С¡ԡʹѭҷ"

зǧɳҡá٪ҹӺ Դ "ǧҾä׹ҡ" 㹡٪ ҡ鹤ѹҧ ȡشŧҧǴ աûзǧ˹ʶҹ͡ѤҪٵ»Шӡا໭ ˹ѧ;٪¹ҧͧ ͹ ˹ѧ;¡ͺѺ蹡ѹ

Ͷ֧ҧադèдѺѰ ʺ ʶҹóѺŧաѰš٪һСѺͧѰŨչǹʵѹ áҤ »СЩءԹ㹾鹷 ѧѴᴹԴѺ٪ ѧҡդè¨ҡ˻ЪҪҵԡǹ繼 ա¡ԴѰ¨ ɴ Ѫ Ǣ繹¡Ѱ

͹٪ҨлСȵѴѹҧ÷ٵѺѹ ѹҤ ѧҡ蹿ͧµصԸҧ (š) اΡ Ź ѹ ѹ¹ ͹áҤ ͧӧҹդйԵʵ ԷѧԵ"͹餴 ʹҹҪ 繵" . . ͧ بԵ 繤褹ͧԨóҤջҷҾ÷š ա͹ 蹹Ͷ١ҹҧҺҡȡõ餴㹤駹"ʹ" Ҩͧ¶֧ ... ʹ ˹ҷ

"͡٪ҿͧ ǧԻ ҧ ͡ѤҪٵ»ШŹ ˹ҷ᷹Դʹͤз¨ҡ ҵԤ ¡ѺѰ ʹ ФѧɡѺ ػáҡ˹ҷ˹ҷ· ѧ ŧ ¤Шطó觡ا зͧҡѧ ç ʤ .. äçҹ ʹյѰҡáзǧصԸ зҡѰԡ Ի ѹ ʵҨШԷ ش¨ҡ¹ ... ʹ ๵ԺѳԵ ⪤·ѹѺʹͪͨҡѰѰ 繼Ծҡš ҹͧѺ˹ Ҩ֧Ҵ·ٻҧ"

§ҹӾԾҡ ӻ֡ Ф ջҷ (ҧȡ٪ҡѺ) ¡зǧõҧ кªͷ½·ҨǶ֧ ѧǪҭ繾ҹ㹪 ǹªͷ¡٪һСͺ չ ͨѹ ๵ԺѳԵШ٧ش ʹյѰաзǧõҧз֡ǹǢͧ Ϳ. ह๴ з½ա Թ ҡйԵʵ Է»

šͧ줳мԾҡ ҡ ҾԨóҤչ - ҧԨóҤ ѰóçЪҪԨҤԹ ҷ繤Ҩҧ㹷ش ѹ Զع¹ šѴԹ¤ṹ§ "ҷõҳࢵ͸Ի¢ͧ٪" "վѹзеͧ͹ѧ͵Ǩ ѡͼū觻任Шҷ㹺dz§ҳࢵͧ٪"

ش ŧ¤ṹ§ "վѹзеͧ׹٪ ôѵتԴк㹤ŧػҢͧ٪ҫ˹ҷҨ¡͡仨ҡҷͺdz ѺѹҤͺͧ .. (.. )" 蹹 ֧Դ "͹حҵԹǹ" (й鹡Թǹ觼Դ) ǻµͧ仨֧͹áҤ ѹ áҤ Ѱ¡ŧ繴¡ѺӾԾҡš 㹷شкҨлԺѵԵҪԡͧ˻ЪҪҵ 觵 "ѵâ кتѴਹҪԡеͧԺѵԵԹԨ¢ͧصԸҧ"

ѹ ( ѹѧӾԾҡ) ɴǻ·ҧԷءШ§觻¶֧š軯ԺѵԵšҨ١աͧ¹ͤդ蹤 ѧ "ӵͧ٪͸Ի˹Ҿù鹵ѹóբͧѵ˻ЪҪҵ" "͵駢ͻзǧТʧǹԷ...дԹ÷ҧ· Ҩբ˹" ʴ֡ "ҾҾٴѺҹ¹ӵ ӵҢͧҾ繹ӵҢͧ١ ͧʹ ͧ Сü١仪ǪԵ駪ҵԹЪҵ˹"

ʧǹɴǶ֧ҡ˹ѧͧ͢ ¶Ѵ ѹ Ѱҡáзǧõҧ ֧ŢҸԡ˻ЪҪҵ 㨤Թӵ "ѰŢͧкҷ稾 öҷе駢ʧǹѹѴǡѺԷ Ҩ͹Ҥ һҷáѺ׹ ¡кǹ÷ҧ·ͷо֧ѧ е駢ͻзǧͤӾԾҡҢͧصԸҧ..."

駹 ӾԾҡš駻ͧդ ͧ "ࢵᴹ" ѴԹ "鹷µͧ׹٪" кҤͧѰ´Թ͡ԤѰѹ áҤ ˹鹷ͺҷҧٴ¡âմ ҹ (Ἱѧ . Сͺ)

鹹١ѴǴ˹ͺǻҷ 觴ҹѹҽ¹ "ࢵdzҷ" ѧɡӡѺ ǹҹѹ价ҧ٪¹ҡ٪ "ࢵ͡ҷ" ҽʡӡѺ á˹ͺࢵѧǹ͡ҡ͡ѧŢҸԡ˻ЪҪҵԾ˹ѧͧ͢ . ҧ ѧŧվ Foreign Affairs Bulletin зǧõҧȾء ͹

͡óչҨҭԷ ˵ط餴 "ѰɴлЪҪ '' '١' ҨЪФմѡҹҧʵ 'ѹѹ' 'ҧ' Ծҡǹ˭ѴԹѡҹҹ ҹԵʵ (»Դҡ) ҹѵʵ ѡҹ˵ҴἹٻ 鷹· ... ʹ ͹ѡҹҹ͡Ш˵صͧ餴

"ɴѧ͡͹Դ¤ӻء㨷 'ѹ˹觢ҧ˹ ҨеͧһҷáѺ׹繢ͧҵ騧...' ͧͧ '' ѧ֡㹨Եӹ֡ͧ¨ӹǹ" 㹷ش . . ѹ áҤ о ʶ Ǩǹᴹ͸ҵ¨ҡ˹ҼµҴŧҷѡŧ й仵ԴdzҹԺѵԡ . ᴧ С٪ҡ˹ҷһШӡúҷ

Ѻ ͧͧҷá絡С͹㨤 §١ǹ ѧҡԴʧҧͧ㹡٪ ǹҷù鹡Ѵ¹仵ԷԾŢͧͧѧн·úѹ ҹ 㨢ͧǡ٪ͧ ͧ¢ͧչ١ѹ֡͡÷ҧԪҡ˹ѧͷç¹ ҷ Ẻ¹ѵʵ Ҥ ͧ ֧ дѺѸش֡Ҩ֧Ѩغѹ к

"...ҷѺ׹繢ͧ... .. ӷѾҡӡѺһҷͧҹ¡â ͧ¹֧šاΡ ѹ Զع¹ .. ҡùѴԹê ǵͧͺҷä׹..."

͡÷٪ҹʹ͵ͤСôšҡ㹡ûЪ駷 ͧມ ᤹Ҵ

þҹС٪ҫ觵ҧµҧ֧ѧͺҾ ѺʴԵõ͡ѹ зèдѺѰҢصԡѧԹҧ´ (Ҿ : ˹ѧ; ʴ)

dzԧѹ䴷ҧ鹻ҷ㹾鹷Ѻ͹ ѨغѹժҴ٪ҵ˹ (Ҿ : ӹ չ)

»ͧ ʹá иҹС觪ҵҴôš ӤЪСôšҡ 駷 㹰ҹмѧࡵó 蹤Ѵҹâ鹷¹ҷҧ

--

"ҷ ѹ͡ԧʶһѵ¡ͧҳʶҹ§Ҵ¡ѹ ·ҧԹкѹѹ᡹ҧзҧ äʶһѵ¡÷դⴴдѺի ͧҧѧ, ûдѺФѹѺԷȹǴɨ..."

Сôšҡ
˵ؼ Сâͧâ鹷¹ҷôš

áҤ طҹ觪ҵҾ ѧѴ

ҹԹ͹ҧ鹻ҷ Ǵ˹´ҧҧ˹Ҽ ҧ͡Źѡ շêش (þҹ) - »׹ ШӡСعѧè ѧࡵódz˹һе硫觶١Դҵ Զع¹ "һԴе͡ ˹ҷ͹ͻͧѹǪᴹ ͧѹ - ҷԵҹҤǹ˧͡"

ѹ͡ ѭ õ ѧѺ˹੾СԨ þҹ ǵԴš ͪǹѺҧҾ仹ʹҡѹҹԺѵԡüᴧ ͧ·þҹ 觴Ǫᴹdzҧ鹻ҷѻǷøѭ١ͧͧӧҹ˹ѡһá ੾СҴǹ ͧҡʶҹó¹Ẻѹѧ˵ءóӤѭҧ ˵ءóԴ¡ѹ

˵ءóá ͡óչ¹ ѷ . зǧõҧ ŧҧŧó-٪ѹ Ҥ ѹ֡ҡ٪ҨТ鹷¹ҷôš੾ "ǻҷ" 鹷Ѻ͹ѧŧѹ ¹ͧѺһ֡˹§ҹǢͧ 㹷شѰաѺͧѹ Զع¹ ҡѹ Զع¹աŧŧó-٪ (Joint Communique') ҡѺʹѺʹع٪Ң鹷¹ҷҧ繷ҧ ѹ Զع¹ Żͧҧդ觤ͧǤЧѺŧóѺ ٪öŧóʹѺʹعâ鹷¹ҷôš 㹡ûЪѭѪҤ͹ѭҴ¡äͧôšҧѲиҵ 駷 ͧມ ᤹Ҵ

˵ءó ѹ áҤ ҡѰ٭ԾҡҴ͡ѹŧó-٪ŧѹ Զع¹ Ҿ˹ѧѭҷͧҹ繪ͺҡѰ ¤ Ѱ·ӼԴ鹵͹Ѱ٭ҪҳҨѡ .. ҵ ä к "˹ѧѭպ¹ŧҳࢵ...ͧѺ繪ͺͧѰ"˵ءó ͡óդСôšҡ ͡ѹ鹷¹Ҿ "ôšҧѲ" 㹡ûЪѭѪҤ͹ѭҴ¡äͧôšҧѲиҵԤ駷 ¤ ҷ÷躹鹷ѧöѡѹࢵᴹ͹ еͧաúèѴþ鹷ҵðҹͧôš

˵ҹǹسԡͧ·ءдѺ ֧ͧҧ͹ç§øѭҷѧ ѧѺѭдѺ٧ .. ๵Фʹ ѭҡáͧŷҺ мѭҡáͧѧùշšͧѧ㹾鹷ᴹҹ ֡ҧѹ ˵ؼŷøѭҫ觻áԹ觷ӧҹ˹੾СԨ þҹ ͡ѹѡ ͧһШӺᴧµͧ

øѭШʶҹóǧ 繷˹㹹鹤͡óͺ "иҵҡͺѡ蹴Թ㹡óҾ űźþ" СѹԵûЪҪͻЪҸԻǹ˹ һѡѡ¡ͧԹᴹźþҤ׹ҡ٪ҵʹѭ ᴧ Զع¹ ҹ ༪ԭ˹ҡѺ˹ҷ¤ѧ¡仵 "鹷Ծҷ" "鹷Ѻ͹" ¡Ѻ٪ѧöŧѹ

"鹷Ծҷ" ҹ繻ѭѧҵ лѭҹ׺ͧҨҡӾԾҡšµç С٪ҶἹ褹ЩѺ еդӾԾҡҤẺ ٪ҶἹ輹ǡ (Annex-1) ҵǹ :, .. ½ ǡѺ㹤ǪФջ·šͻ ѹѹӺdzҾҡ

٪ͧἹѺѺͧš ѧࢵᴹἹ١ͧ 觷¡ "鹷Ѻ͹" ӹǹ . .. ҧз¶Ἱҧ L7017 ҵǹ :, .. ѰԡͨѴӢͻ Ҿ·ҧҡ ҧջҷ㹪 Ἱ詺ѺѴѧšդӾԾҡ ͡ҡἹѧҧʹѭ .. ˹ "ѹѹ" 鹾ᴹ

ѧͧ ֧öͧ´ѧáͧ ҷ繢ͧ٪ҵӾԾҡš еǻҷ ǹ鹷ѴԹѴਹ ¨ִ֧о鹷 . 鹷͡˹ͨҡ仵ʹѭ ѹѹࢵᴹ աͧ ӾԾҡҺ͡һҷ繢ͧ٪ "׹ԹͧѺҷ" 繢ͧ ԷдԹáкǹ Ҥ׹ ѧ鹤õ͵ҹâ鹷¹ôš

öἹ褹ЩѺСõդᵡҧҧ鹹ҫ觡óվԾҷҧ㹻 ੾«ջѭҡͧ㹵ͧҵ» 駹 ִ . ǹἹ¡Ѻ٪੾кdzҾҫ͹ѹ о鹷Ѻ͹ҧµҧҧԷ . ҧ (, ) ҹ˹зȵѹͧǻҷ

.. շҹ ˵ءóԴ㹾鹷 . .. ҡ"ѧ ҳ ٪Դʧҧͧ ҷö١ִͧᴧ з . Шӡᴧ 觵ͧ㹨شº ֧ ա¹þҹ仴 ͡ú觡٪ҫŧ դкؤŻҹѹաѺýعૹҪҷ ˹˹ҷªشá áҡ ͹Ҿѧ繾鹷ѹ աѺԴҡ ʶҹóҧҵʹաԴҧҧ繷ҧäá㹻 ¶繨ش͹ùǤ (Temporary Checkpoint) Ҿ"

㹻չͧ .. աҧе硤оҹ 觤ҹԹзҧӢѹ䴢ͧǻҷ ͤǺͧ͡ѡͧ "ҡ鹨Դ-Դա駼 աûԴա ШաԴադ㹻 բ͵ŧҨкèѴþ鹷ѹҧѧѴ ѧѴ Ҥ÷ ͧ٪ ѡѡ÷ͧ ý觹鹡١зҤҢ ͹ ͺ ѡѡչҽ һзǧա ѧ鹡ͧѧùը֧繽觻Դشҹᴹ㹻 "

觼٪ҢҴŹͧػ Ŵӹǹŧ ͺ зҧ鹽觡٪٧ѹ ͹աûЪ . ѭҧ ͻ ѧѴº ѹԴҹ͡÷ͧ

" . ͡Դ繨ش͹ùѺͧ ǹѭࢵᴹ¤С ͧ¡˹ҪҴ ش¡͡ٻաûԺѵ ѭҤҨҷ㹾鹷Ѻ͹ⴹ٪һзǧ ͧ ҡͧ 蹤˹觨ҧѭҹ ҡзǧ зǧõҧȡ. Ҽ ͡ش Ѻѹ ҷ㹾鹷Ѻ͹ һзǧ仡Ѻռ Դҧ "͹ҡ͡ࢵᴹҶ֧çе" ..

ͼѺ价ҹԹ ͧʹǴ˹ѧdzҧ鹺ѹ䴻ҷ 羺ժǡ٪ҧ˹ ͡Ѻ价ᴧͧҡش駸ҵ»Ѩغѹ͹价ҧ 羺ҷҧȵѹ§˹ͧ͢ǻҷ繷駢ͧѴԡҤ ѧն١ѧѴҨҡҹ ͨҹ ѧѴ ֧ǻҷ

觡ҧ繹 þҹ㹾鹷͡§ǡѹԴ鹵 觶ִѹ֡ҧСҸԡࢵᴹ-٪ (Joint Boundary Committee-JBC) Ѱŷͧŧѹ㹻 Ǩзѡࢵᴹѭͧµç ˹ "աáҧ 㹺dzᴹҨ觼šзҾҵԢͧࢵᴹ" 㹾鹷ѧŧѹ Ԩҧ鹡繡ԴҧѴਹ

ѧ ͻҷôš ¨֧ԵҨз֧ûѡѹࢵᴹԷ˹;鹷Ѻ͹ Ԣ ͧСôšҡš˹٪ "ѴЪСûҹҹҧͧоѲҷѾԹ
(ҷ) 蹪Թ ͹Ҿѹ ѺԭСͺѰǹҧ աԹ ҵ" "˹ҷǨͺѵԧº· ѹͧѺ͹ѡسҡѹⴴ蹢ͧѾԹ"

㹢 ѧ¡͡ἹͧѾԹ鹷¹ 觢ºҧԢ͹Ƕ֧ "鹷ࢵѹ觪վվ" Ѵբͺࢵҧ Թ㹾鹷Ѻ͹С٪ҧԷҧá .. Ƕ֧ʶҹóç˹ 觢й (áҤ ) ѧդѭдѺѰ "ѧá ѧѧ觷 (þҹ) ͧͺͤѴ駷ҧԴ ԴФѡҵ §ᨧҤسз ռšз зº͹ͻ дԴʧ"͹ ʶҹóѹԴҡóջҷù觼ŵͷҹ ѧ觼Ŷ֧ ҡԹᶺᴹ

ѴҡҹԺѵԡ÷þҹçᴧ ҴԹҷ֡ͧطҹ觪ҵҾ Ңͧҹǹͧ͹ Դҹѹ١· ҾѧǹҧѺô㹵Ҵǡѹ觷繤ҹԫ . ѹѡ
ѧѴ
"ѺͤԺ·觢ͧ份觡٪ҫ觻áǵͧ觢ͧ͹ѺԹ͹ ѹ٪һԴҹѹá͡ ǡԹ蹺ҷ觢ͧ ҧԹԹ١Ҫǡ٪ŧҽ"

ҵͧͺǢѺеٺҹ硷 Դ¶֧ҡôҤзйѡͧǷ㹪ǧشѻӹǹҡ"ͺҡԹҹ ѡҵ ͺѡ ͹ҹҨж͹ҷѧ Եѹѧ Һ͡价Ẻᴹ ѧ͡ ԧѹա աҧ ҡѺҺҧ觧ҹ 繾ͧѹ"

ǡѺ ѧ о Ңͧҹо ͧҹҨԸշաҵ⡹ҡѹ㹾鹷͹ 觹͡ҡѧͧӹǹҡͧ§ͺͺ"͹͵ѹлҳ ҷ ҡ ,-, ҷ 令ͧԴҹҧԴҧ Դ ͧѡԷâ¢ͧ ͹¤Ѻ价ӹ ͧзѧԹŧ ١Ҩ¹"

ʶҹóѧз֧ԡ÷ҡԹ躹شǼᴧ ҧا չͺ ִҪվԡҡͧͧҧѺͧҷ躹ʹµҴ "ŧ ѧ㹪ǧشѻ ͹зҡ ѹç鹶֧鹻Դطҹ ҡԹҡ"

˵ؼҹ ҡͧǧͧ˭Ҩ͡Ҥǡ "ѡҵ" ǧͧͧ ҨԸ ǧ Ѻͧա˹ ҹͤѴ㹨ԹҡǡѺ "Ѱҵ" ҧ鹡ҧѺԵѺ鹷ԧ

"ԴҪǺҹԫ (ҹԧҾë觪Ǻҹǹ˭شҹᴹҡԹ) Ҵѡҵ ҵԷѡ繪ҵԷ輴اԵͧԹ仵ԶշҧöѴ ҵ ٧С¡ͧШʹ´ش¢ͧͧáѺԵͧ"觵çѹѺҵԢͧ鹡ҧͧ "ʹ͹ЪҵԷ٧¡ͧҧشǹ鹡ѧ٭͸Իº鹷觾ǡҶ繢ͧҵ й зԵͧµç зͨԹҡ繪ҵԢͧǡҧç"

ѧҷѺâ鹷¹ôš иҵ ༪ԭ˹ҡѺ˹ҷͧѹкҸó Ǩ зþҹ觻ͧѹǡ任зǧѺǡ٪ҷҵ駶蹰ҹ鹷Ѻ͹ (Ҿ : Ǫ ѹ)

ǧǡѹا໭ ١๵ùա٪ͧ͡͡ʷҷѺâ鹷¹ôš (Ҿ : Ϳ)

--

áҤ ѧ ä ͹Ǩҡ鹷Ҿ͹ʹԺʹ

ԺѹҹҼ ʶҹódzᴹҾá繢˹˹觢ͧ˹ѧ;ءѺ ¡дѺ֧鹷ҪèѧѴɵͧ觻Դطҹ觪ҵҾա˹з¹äͧ ÷ͧӡ , ¾ظ˹ѡҵ֧鹷˹˹ѧ;纺 ͧҵ¹աѹҧعç

дѺҹҪҵ ٪Թءҧ÷ٵ ¾ͧ价褳դ蹤˻ЪҪҵ з¾ҷҧ͡¡èдѺҤ ѰҡáзǧõҧȤѺ˹ʴ ͹ ᷹Ѱդ͹ѧ駢ʧ͡ҾʤǹҡѧԵ Դâ鹡Ѻ鹷Ѻ͹ͺҷѺâ鹷¹ ǹС٪㹾鹷ѧͼšзҡûԴᴹ

ӹǹԺա͹ ҷ "ä" "" "÷褹´-˹" "ǡ١ҹǡ" ѹշҨҡѵʵҵԹ觺Դ͹ͧ٪ Ѻա駺šԹ ˹ѧ;ͧͧҵ©Ѻѧ¹ǻءʪҵԹҧʹ㨼šзе

觡٪ҡѹ ӻ "¡" ŧҨҡѧ¨´(´)"ǡǹ" ͻ¤ "¤عѢ駨͡ǴԹᴹ٪" Ӷ Ҥѭҹҧ 㹰ҹлҤ͹ѹ ҧ͹ҹ༪ԭеҡǡѹؤҳҹԤ 㹻ѵʵ¤ѹ¤ лȵҧԸ༪ԭѭҢͧؤẺͧ ¡Ѻ٪Ҥ¡蹴Թ˹͡ҡѹ еͧѹաҹʹҹҧѭҾᴹѹԴա¨ش

͢Ǣͧ˹ѧ;ºҧѺ¤´ǡ٪ Ҿ༪ԭ˹ҢͧͧºҾʷҼ֧֡ҡȻҷáҧ͡سͧѹҧ

Ҫѹ çʶһҷ觹 "鹷ѡԷ" ͺ٪෾

ѹ çʶһ "Ԣ" ٹԵ㨼餹

ѹ çѭԵһҷѹ ͺ٪෾

һҷҧ鹵Ҫʧͧѵ ͧ лʸšҴʹйӵҢͧ餹 ҡ˹觫ŧҶ֧ءѹҳʶҹѹç·ҧҳôͧªҵ ҡͧһҷ觹ѧз餹㹪ҵͭҵԡѹҡèҡѹ еҧѰŢͧʧ ա駾йӫҡҷ价¤觷ҧͧͧ

˹ մ § Ѱʢͧ "ѡѰʵ ѡ÷ٵ ѡ÷ ͹Сʶҹʧ ÷ʧҸҡҪҵѹ㹡ù Ҫʧª੾˹ҺҧС ҡʧҵ»С ͧ´Թᴹªʧ ͧФʧ¡ҧ 'һԡʧ' "

ѹ ҡ繻ʧ ʧáѺ ͡ҡʹйӵ 駤ͤҹѺ駤Ф٪ ҧҹ¹觡ǡѺͧ

͡ûСͺ¹ :
ͧش觪ҵ. ֡㹻 - ѡâطȵɷ -. ا෾ : ش觪ҵ Żҡ, .
عԺźѳ. ˵ءʴ稵Ǩҳѵʶҹ ŹҪ ͧ ҴçҪҹҾ .. . ا෾ : ŹԸʡҴçҪҹҾ ҨԵö ȡ иԴ, .
ҭԷ ɵ. "âҾ." ä շ Ѻ Ҥ .
ҭԷ ɵ. ҷҾ : ó֡һѵʵͧ-ѷԪҵԹ. ا෾ : ŹԸçõѧʵܵ, .
ҭԷ ɵ óҸԡ. Ѫŷ : ѺҤЪٷջ. ا෾ : ŹԸçõѧʵ ʵ, .
ҭԷ ɵ Ф. ӹѡ鹸ʵСͧ. ا෾ : ͡˭, .
ѡ ó. ͡ "Ѻش" ҷ ..-. ا෾ : Ԫ, .
þ ʧ, ѹ. óվԾҷ- .. ѡҹ . ا෾ : Ԫ, .
Դ . Ҿ. ا෾ : ͧҳ,.
Ҿ Ե. ªҡѺǧФһ Ѵ ø. 駷 . ا෾ : ӹѡ, .
ԪԵǧ ྪ. ҧ˹㹻ѵʵ ѵǻѵԢͧѰ մ §. ا෾ : ʧ, .
Թ ó. "ͺ () ժԧԹᴹ -." ä շ Ѻ ѹ¹ .
صԸҧ. зǧõҧ . §ҹӾԾҡ ӻ֡ Ф ջҷ (ҧȡ٪л). ا෾ : ӹѡº¡Ѱ, .
Ż . ..ѷô ȡ ç. ҷŻ. ا෾ : Żҡ, .

͢ͺس :
ҨҭԷ ɵ, ҨԷ ѲҹԪ, سҾ Ե,Ҩͧ بԵ,Ҩѡ ,سѳ ͧҹ,سĪ , سʹ Ե, .. ๵Фʹ,..ѭ õ, ..ԪԵ ѡس, سطԹ Եá, سҾ ʡѹ, سѧ о,س չͺ
ͧ ӹѡҹا෾, ͧѧù Ѳ¸Թ ѧѴԹ, þҹ ¾Էѡطࢵ ѧѴ, ʶҺѹ¤֡ Է¸ʵ,ӹѡش Է¸ʵ, شçҪҹҾ, ˹ѧ;ʴ,ѧѴ, ǹͧ͹, طҹ觪ҵҾ

  

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